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SAT词汇运用比掌握更重要

  掌握上万的词汇量对于大家来说并不是件容易的事,但仅仅是背诵下来还远远不够,难点在于如何运用到SAT写作中。词汇的组合和应用是写作的基础,也是影响写作成绩的最大因素,我们来总结一下如何恰当的运用这些词汇。
  首先,要使用能够准确表达意思的难词(big words)

  在SAT写作中,使用难词比使用较容易的同义词更能给阅卷者留下深刻印象。有人可能会反驳:伟大的作家都倾向于使用简单的语言。没错,但笨蛋也通常如此,须知SAT阅读者面对堆积如山的essays根本没有时间在两者之间去做甄别。尽管能精确表达你意思的词汇才是最好的词汇,但难词更容易打动SAT写作也是事实。不要做的过火,否则看起来像是刻意打动阅卷者就不好了,只需要在作文中点缀至少几个big words以使你的观点看起来更可信就可以了。

  其次,要避免使用个人陈述式的短语及过多的强调性副词

  诸如i feel、i think、i believe之类的短语是不必要的(除非已知事实是:你在表达自己的观点),因为会使文章不够生动,也不够客观。建议大家在叙述论点的时候,多用一些感情色彩比较中性的词汇更好一些。

  例如:i believe that every truly new idea looks crazy at first.可以改写成:every truly new idea lookscrazy at first.

  省略那些谦逊的个人陈述式限定词,而信心满满的述之笔端,你的言辞将大大具有信服度。

  退一步说,即使SAT作文的题目明确要求你写一下你个人的经历,在这种情况下你也应该把自己放在所经历事件的相关人物背景中去陈述。

  另外一个通病就是,很多学生喜欢使用下列强调性副词以使内容更信服:a lot,definitely,especially,extremely,greatly,terribly,really,very。这些副词几乎是不必要的,用的太频繁就成了作文肤浅的标志,在你的essay中出现一两个这样的副词是可以的,但请不要超过两个。

  下面为大家整理了一些SAT写作中经常会用到的词汇:

  1.认为:maintain, assert, conclude, deem, hold, insist, argue, be firmlyconvinced, be fully convinced

  2.宣称:allege, assert, declare, claim

  3.重要的:key, crucial, critical, vital, substantial,indispensable, imperative

  4.导致:lead to, bring about, result in, cause, spark off, conduce to, procure,induce, generate

  5.因此:therefore, thus, hence, consequently, as a consequence, accordingly, asa result

  6.影响:influence, impact, effect

  7.展示:reveal, illustrate, demonstrate, depict, present, represent

  8.优势:merit, virtue, benefit, upside, strength

  9.缺陷:demerit, drawback, downside, weakness

  10.解决:deal with, cope with, handle, resolve, address, tackle

  11.损害:damage, hurt, injure, harm, impair, undermine, jeopardize

  12.事实上:practically, in practice, essentially, in essence, inreality, in effect, in fact, as a matter of fact, it is a fact that

  13.换言之:namely, that is to say, in other words, to put it likethis, to put it differently, to put it from another way, to put it from anotherangle

  14.给与:offer, render, impart, provide, supply, afford

  15.培养:develop, cultivate, foster

  16.使迷惑:puzzle, bewilder, perplex, baffle

  17.保护:protect, conserve, preserve

  18.确保:assure, ensure, guarantee, pledge

  19.明显的:clear, obvious, evident, self-evident, manifest,apparent, crystal-clear

  20.占:comprise, take up, account for, constitute, consist of, make up, occupy,hold, compose

  21.对比而言:by contrast, in contrast, on the other hand, on thecontrary, conversely

  22.大约:approximately, about, around, roughly

  23.有益的:useful, helpful, beneficial, profitable, rewarding,advantageous

  24.有害的:baneful, evil, harmful, detrimental

  25.原因:factor, cause, determinant

  26.发生:occur, take place

  27.发展:development, advance, progress

  28.要求:request, demand, needs, requisition

  29.消除:eliminate, clear, remove, clear up, take away, smoothaway

  30.巨大地:dramatically, drastically, enormously, steeply,substantially, considerably, markedly, strikingly, radically, remarkably,vastly, noticeably

  想提高写作能力,是没有捷径的,掌握了这些词汇,大家多多练习吧。