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SAT六大写作法则你知道吗?

SAT考试中,很多人往往因为写作分数不高而头疼不知所措,今天给大家总结了一下SAT写作六个写作技巧,一起来看看吧!

SAT法则一:多运用动词和主动语态

写作主要的任务是把想说的用文字的方式传达给读者,所以可以使用动词和主动语态来增加文章的生命力。

1、在文章中把一个主要的名词换成动词

Verb to be: the use of leaf blowers before 8 am is a violation of local noise abatement laws.

Action verb: the use of leaf blowers before 8 am violates local noise abatement laws.

2、用一个动词来替代句子中的名词或形容词

Verb to be: The quarterback’s wretched performance was a disgrace to his team

Action verb: The quarterback’s wretched performance humiliated his team

3、如果不知道如何更改动词,可重新整理语句形式

Verb to be: Jamie was happy to be part of the all-star soccer team.

Action verb: Being a part of the all-star soccer team thrilled Jamie.

SAT法则二:在文章中使用借词

在文章的写作中,少运用一些general words,反而多增加specific images.。

什么是general words和specific images?

 例如car 就是general words。

因为车的种类有很多,而Benz SUV 就是specific images。

在考试的时候,多使用specific words可以把物体解释的更清楚,读者也会获得更多的信息。

例1

General: Tom got into his car and drove off.

Specific: Tom leaped into his SUV and roared off.

General words 对人物,地点,和事物的介绍都无法给读者准备的信息,所以为了更清楚的说明,把这些名词都应该换成specific words.

例2

General: An old dog came up the street.

Specific: An ancient, gray-muzzled golden retriever wandered up Bluebird Canyon Road.

例3

General: At the end of the day, the workmen walked up the snow-covered road.

Specific: At the end of the day, the tired workmen trudged wearily up the snow-covered road.

SAT法则三:避免含糊不清

大家在写作的时候,有的同学习惯使用一些例如 ugly as sin, pretty as a picture之类的词汇。

在这里,建议大家不要使用这类词汇。

因为在使用这些词汇的时候,会给读者一种陈词滥调的感觉,更可能使读者误会本身的意思。

以下列出的词汇,请大家尽量不要在写作中使用:

例1

I was shaking in my boots before the interview, but I was happy as a lark when the personnel manager offered me the job.

Improved: I was terrified before the interview, but I was ecstatic when the personnel manager offered me the job.

例2

Whether the author really believed what he wrote was the sixty-four dollar question.

Improved: whether the author really believed what he wrote was difficult to determine from the answers he gave the interviewer.

SAT法则四:文章由始至终的使用简单的语句

要记住,SAT写作不是考察你的生词量,而是在考察你是否能将你的想法通过文字的方式传递给读者。

如果想做到这点,应该避免使用那些模糊不清的词汇和条理不清的语句。

✎例如

To facilitate input by the maximum number of potential purchasers, questionnaires were designed and posted well in advance of the launch of the promotional marketing campaign.

Improved: Before we began advertising, we designed and mailed a marketing survey to find out what customers were looking for.

SAT法则五:避免使用俚语

SAT的写作考试,要求的是一篇有专业性的写作,所以俚语不应该在SAT的考试中出现。

例如,在高考的时候,考生把“我要去…”写成“俺要去…”

例:Brian’s mother reprimanded him for blowing his physic test.

Improved: Brian’s mother reprimanded him for failing his physic test.

考生在写作的时候,也应该尽量避免太多学术性强的语,批卷的老师很有可能看不懂太专业性的词汇。

SAT法则六:合并短句、截断长句

1.合并短句可以让文章更连贯

The glee club held a fund-raiser, the basketball team also held a fundraiser.

Improved sentences: The glee club and the basketball team held fundraisers (compound subject)

2. 截断长句

After Rick flipped the starter switch on his motorcycle, it made a clicking sound, but the engine did not start because the battery was dead and needed a jump.

Improved: After Rick flipped the starter switch on his motorcycle, it made a clicking sound, but the engine did not start. The battery was dead and needed a jump.